Monday, May 27, 2019

3334. Roborovski hamsters


Adult size 4-5 cm
cycle ovulation in females 8 days 
gestation period of 24 days 
Number of pups in a litter of children 3-5 (rarely 6) 
Lifespan 2-3 years

Selected for breeding healthy, well-fed, with a strong nervous system hamsters. It is desirable to form a pair in childhood, young animals quickly get used to each other. In the case where the chosen are adults, need to give them time to get used gradually. To put this in a terrarium with vertical baffle rods, which would allow the animals to see close and sniffs, but protected the least of possible conflicts. A week later, the grille can be removed.

Roborovski hamster mating 

Formed couple (male and female) are left in a cage for cohabitation and expectations offspring. Cycle of ovulation in females 8 days. Mating takes place on the day of ovulation. If the female offspring has been, then it is given rest after giving birth 2 months only after the rest it can again be reduced to the male. That is to remove the lattice between them to the following genera or until, as will be seen that the female pregnant.

pregnancy of Roborovski hamster

The gestation period of 24 days on average. Abdomen in female first pregnancy is not visible, so you must be careful not to disturb quietly born when doing the cleaning. Feeding the expectant mother should be balanced and nutritious, with a sufficient amount of protein, minerals and vitamins. See Food. During pregnancy and breastfeeding offspring samochki can bite (not hurt, they are too small). In the terrarium as bedding uses large sawdust. Must be one or two spacious cabins (without a bottom is more convenient), as Roborovskiy love all sorts of cover, and the female-mother sometimes carries homyachat from one to another.

Birth last 2-3 hours. From this point you can not disturb the family: move B, to touch the animals, do the cleaning. Before or immediately after the birth of male babies must be separated from the females and children wall with vertical narrow bars, lest there be a new pairing between parents, so new mothers suckle prevent pregnancy conceived offspring deplete her body and deprive milk brood. Such a lattice allow males and females to chat and do not forget each other. Newborns are born helpless, blind, hairless, weighing approximately 1 g, 1.3 cm in length and need constant mothering.

 In 6 days newborns covered light guns and can somehow move. At the age of 9-10 days homyachata well oriented in their home, run, take extra food to the mother's milk. Mother begins itself to bring food to kids, and if not, you can put the food closer to the jack or directly into the socket. The first feeding is recommended to give a loaf soaked in infant formula, grated carrot, lettuce, clover, grass, oats, soaked in boiling water buckwheat or millet. With herbs carefully, in small quantities and washed. At 12-13 days the eyes open, hair becomes thick. Kids in this period is very nimble and agile, resemble miniature copies of the adults. The diet can gradually introduce fish and chicken (no salt), egg, cheese, apple, zucchini, sprouted wheat. The three and a half weeks homyachata noticeably grow and become independent from their parents. Weaned from the mother in 23 days. By gender seated in 1.5 months.


Adult weight   110-200 g
  Birth weight   1.5-2 g
  Length of body   14-18 cm
  Body length of newborn   1.5-2 cm
  Heart rate   300 - 450 b pm.
  The body temperature   37-39 gr C
  Lifespan   2-2.5 years
  Maturity   1.5 months
  Cycle of ovulation in females   4 days
  Incubation of offspring   16-17 days
  Number of pups per litter   4-15
  Lactation in females   25-28 days
  Allowable Quantity birth females   3-4 
  Childbearing age females   from 3 to 12 months.
  Period of good male fertility   from 3 to 14 months.

Sunday, May 26, 2019

3333. Veterinary files fromm Myanmar. Abdominocentesis

Abdominocentesis and/or diagnositic peritoneal lavage (DPL) should be performed when there is a suspicion of abdominal fluid.

Abdominocentesis (abdominal paracentesis)  in dogs is the procedure in which fluid is removed from the abdomen using a needle. Fluid is analysed for cellularity, protein content, chemicals and bacterial organisms. 

Bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity test

Always perform an abdominal X-ray before abdominocentesis. Sometimes, abdominocentesis can cause iatrogenic pneumoperitoneum which may require surgery.

DPL may be needed when there are clinical signs of acute abdominal pain, fever of unknown origin, blunt or penetrating abdominal trauma, local peritonitis and negative taps on abdominocentesis. After peritoneal lavage, abdominocentesis can be done to draw fluid that can be analysed for cellularity and bacterial organisms. 

More info at:

Bloat in a goat - Rumenal tympany

Bloat in a goat

Some of the commonly kept prohibited species include Indian star tortoises, sulcata tortoises, leopard tortoises, leopard geckos, marmoset monkey, bearded dragons, ball pythons, green iguanas, hedgehogs and sugar gliders. 

Legally allowed in Singapore as pets
  Red-eared sliders/terrapins. (ii) Exotic birds: Love birds, budgies, budgerigars, macaws, conures and other pet parrot or parakeet

 f public to directly call our 24-hr wildlife rescue hotline at 97837782.
ACRES (Animal Concerns Research and Education Society)

91 Jalan Lekar
Singapore 698917

Saturday, May 25, 2019

Final Video: The dwarf hamster has an impacted cheek pouch again

3331. Case of elbow inflammation in a hamster - Case 1
How Toa Payoh Vets treat a hamster with generalised skin diseases. Clipping bald under anaesthesia. 

Jun 3 2014
A hamster has allergies again

 A hamster has left elbow inflammation 4 months ago but now it is OK. The owner restricted feeding to sunflower seeds but the hamster loses 10 grams of weight. The right elbow is inflamed as the hamster bites it. There is a large pimple seen during sedation. It is hard to know what causes this itchiness which occur in the right elbow and thigh. A wart on the left face would be excised.

Allergies on elbows, thighs. Hamster is clipped.

Published on 20 Feb 2014
This dwarf hamster suffers from an allergy, but the cause is not known. He bites his elbow and thigh skin till there are bite wounds and inflammation of redness. He is hospitalised for 3 days, his inflamed areas shaved and cleaned. Oral anti-inflammatory medicine reduced his itchiness. He bit my forefinger when I tried to restrain him. The owner is advised not to feed pellets with colouring. However, the actual cause is unknown. 

Dwarf hamsters, like dogs, suffer from allergies. Sometimes they are caused by commercial dry food. That is why I advise not feeding pellets for a trial. Very itchy paws, elbows, thighs and knees as evident by continuous biting are caused by allergies to sometimes, the environment (bedding, sand bath, poor cage hygiene etc) or exposure to feeding (brand of food, pellets and their colouring). It is very difficult to know the exact cause or causes.

 Red leg and right elbow. The leg is now not red.

 Now the right elbow and right thigh are inflamed due to the hamster's biting of the skin area.. Under anaesthesia, I excised the left face wart and drain the right elbow abscess. The hamster is home now with anti-inflam medication orally. As to what allergens, this is hard to know.

The hamster has allergies again 3/3. Swollen elbow

Jul 30, 2016 A dwarf hamster has reddish itchy elbows and back of knee inflamed skin. Cause is likely allergy as this condition occurs in folds of skin of babies with cow milk allergy.

This is a gentle hamster. Does not bite. Dr Daniel of Toa Payoh Vets is consulting. The inflamed skin hair is clipped and anti-inflammatory medication and antiseptic wash is given. A review in 2 weeks' time if the redness is still around.

A hamster bites his elbows, thighs and paws for many weeks - 2/2

3330. Itchy inner elbows - atopic dermatitis in people

, becoming drier and flaky in older children. Adults may see scaly, leathery patches or a stubborn hand eczema. Atopic dermatitis is a common, often-inherited form, but there are other types and many treatments.
Types Of Eczema
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Itching is the main one. And when you start to scratch, your skin becomes inflamed and even itchier. It can look different, but you may notice:  
  • Red, scaly areas
  • Small, rough bumps
  • Thick, leathery patches
  • Bumps that leak fluid and crust over
If you have dark skin, the affected area might be lighter or darker.


Child With Eczema

Eczema in Children

Kids can get the rash on the inside of their elbows or behind the knees, around their mouths, on the sides of their necks, or on wrists, arms, and hands. Those with atopic dermatitis are more likely to have food allergies, including allergies to peanuts, milk, or other nuts. But you shouldn't restrict foods unless your doctor confirms a food sensitivity. It’s not contagious, either.

areas of the body, such as the inside of the elbows and back of the knees. But eczema can appear anywhere, including the neck, chest, and eyelids. People who had atopic dermatitis as a child may see drier, scaly rashes as adults. The skin may be discolored or thickened.
Doctor Taking Skin Sample Of Eczema
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If a rash won’t go away, is uncomfortable, or develops a crust or pus-filled blister, see your doctor. She'll check your medical history, symptoms, and ask you about any allergies that run in your family. You may also get allergy tests or a microscopic exam of a skin scraping (seen here) to rule out infections.

Eczema In Fold Of Elbow

Eczema and Allergies

The triggers that bring on an allergy attack -- dust mites, pollen, animal dander, mold -- can cause some people with atopic dermatitis to break out in a rash. Food allergies also can set off a flare-up. These allergens cause the immune system to overreact, leading to skin inflammation.


Eczema and Allergies

The triggers that bring on an allergy attack -- dust mites, pollen, animal dander, mold -- can cause some people with atopic dermatitis to break out in a rash. Food allergies also can set off a flare-up. These allergens cause the immune system to overreact, leading to skin inflammation.

Dirty Dishes In Sink
10 / 25

Other Triggers

Irritants can cause inflammation and itching, bringing on a bout of eczema. Touching harsh chemicals can cause a rash in anyone, but people with eczema may be sensitive to mild irritants, such as wool, detergents, astringents, or fragrances. Emotional stress can cause a flare-up, too. So can sweating and wetting and drying your skin a lot, such as when you wash your hands


Try Not to Scratch

People with atopic dermatitis may scratch as many as 500 to 1,000 times a day. It worsens the rash and can make an infection more likely. Use a cold compress to ease the itchy feeling. Distract children with activities. Moisturizers are soothing, and some medicated creams or ointments may help, too.


Over-the-counter hydrocortisone products may help mild cases of eczema. Don’t use them on children under 2 or for more than 7 days unless your doctor says it’s OK. Sometimes, people need stronger corticosteroids to control the inflammation. Long-term use can have side effects, such as thinning skin, infections, stretch marks, and visible blood vessels. If other treatments don’t work, your doctor may recommend steroid shots or pills.


These meds may provide relief from the cycle of itching and scratching for some people with atopic dermatitis. Many OTC and prescription-only options are available, each with slightly different dosing and side effects. Check with your doctor for a recommendation.

Treatment: Hand Eczema

Alitretinoin, a relative of vitamin A, can improve or even clear up this condition when other treatments don't work. It hasn’t yet been approved by the FDA for this use. It can give you headaches or dry, flushing, or sun-sensitive skin. Alitretinoin can cause severe birth defects, so you should not plan to get pregnant when you take it. It also helps to wear gloves outside in winter to protect your hands.

condition when other treatments don't work. It hasn’t yet been approved by the FDA for this use. It can give you headaches or dry, flushing, or sun-sensitive skin. Alitretinoin can cause severe birth defects, so you should not plan to get pregnant when you take it. It also helps to wear gloves outside in winter to protect your hands.
Treating Eczema With Phototherapy
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UV light affects the immune system. In some people, it can improve moderate to severe cases of eczema from atopic dermatitis or contact dermatitis. “PUVA” is a UV treatment combined with a drug called psoralen. But it doesn’t work for everyone, and it makes some people's eczema worse. Also, too much UV light is bad for your skin. So you should talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits.

Treatments for Children

Keep your child's fingernails short and their skin moisturized. Dress them in loose-fitting clothes and make sure they don't become overheated. Depending on how severe the condition is, your doctor may recommend corticosteroids to treat atopic dermatitis. There are also prescription skin treatments, pimecrolimus (Elidel) and tacrolimus (Protopic), for children 2 years old and up.

Bleach Baths

A small amount of household bleach in the bath may help control atopic dermatitis if someone has a staph infection, too. In one study, children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis and staph soaked in diluted bleach baths and used an antibiotic ointment in their noses. These treatments improved their skin symptoms. Parents should talk to a dermatologist or other doctor first.

Natural Treatments

Some research shows that probiotics, oolong tea, or Chinese herbal medicine may ease symptoms. But other studies haven’t backed that up. Herbs and supplements can have side effects, so talk to your doctor first. Things that lower stress are a good idea to try.

Natural Treatments

Some research shows that probiotics, oolong tea, or Chinese herbal medicine may ease symptoms. But other studies haven’t backed that up. Herbs and supplements can have side effects, so talk to your doctor first. Things that lower stress are a good idea to try.

Infected Eczema Rash
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Eczema and Infections

Almost all people with atopic dermatitis have “staph” (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria on their skin, compared with just about 5% of people without the skin condition. Tell your doctor about symptoms of an infection, such as honey-colored crusts, pus- or fluid-filled blisters, scaly red patches, swelling, or a fever.

Dry Skin Care

Even when the eczema eases up, your skin may still be dry. Take short daily baths in warm water. Pat your skin partially dry and use a thick moisturizer, as well as any medication right after your bath. Moisturize throughout the day and stick to mild soaps or cleansers. Look for fragrance-free products to help prevent a reaction. Remember, "unscented" may just mean the product contains another ingredient to mask the scent.

Living With Eczema

Does your child feel self-conscious about his rashes? Help him avoid triggers and tame stress. The American Academy of Dermatology hosts Camp Discovery for kids with skin conditions. Adults with the condition may need to make some changes. Jobs that need a lot of hand-washing or involve exposure to chemicals or other irritants -- such as health care, housecleaning, or hairdressing -- may not be a good choice if you have eczema.

You Can’t Catch It

Red, itchy eczema patches may look contagious, but they’re not. “Eczema is basically an allergy in the skin that starts out as an itch that turns into a rash,” says Jennifer Haley, MD, a dermatologist in Scottsdale, AZ, who had the condition as a child. Just like you can’t catch someone else’s hay fever, you can’t catch eczema.

Monday, May 20, 2019

3329. No orange-breast green pigeon seen in Singapore

Francis Yap

6:03 PM (3 hours ago)

to me
Dear David,

Sorry for the late reply. We do not have Orange-breasted Green Pigeon in our Singapore checklist. I believe they have only been sighted once or twice near Jurong Bird Park and therefore thought to be escapees instead.

The Pink-necked Green Pigeon on the other hand is a common resident bird in Singapore. It has a bluish grey head and a pink nape, neck and upper breast, and orange central breast. The Orange-breasted Green Pigeon has a greenish head and a much reduced pink upper breast and orange central breast.

You can see our entry of the Pink-necked Green Pigeon here:

Best regards,
Francis Yap
Admin for the Singapore Bird Project.

 Vinago bicincta Jerdon, Madras Journ. Lit. Sci., 12, 1840 pg 13
 Orange-breasted green pigeon  Treron bicincta
is very similar to the Pink-necked Green Pigeon. Principal difference in having the forehead, face and throat yellowish green,  a more restricted mauve-pink area on the upper breast and a different tail pattern, the outer tail feathers being blackish with a broad pale grey terminal band. The female differs from the female of vernans in having a grey nape and hind neck and different tail pattern. It is also, on the whole, slightly larger and heavier-billed bird.


3328. Emirates Airlines - marketing

MARKETING - Creating market awareness - Miniature caps

May 20, 2019

Creating market awareness of the brand is very important in any business. From my observation,  Addidas is the best as I can see its logo and name on every apparel esp. T-shirts and berets in Singapore. The young ladies buy and wear them as fashion statements without realising that they are advertising billboards for Adidas.

Emirates Airlines will be the best amongst airlines in this field. "Fly Emirates" in T-shirts and apparel are sold in Dubai shops.

It is a pity that they don't have miniature caps and berets.  Singapore Airlines and Luftansa appear to me to be too conservative in apparel advertisements. There are opportunities to present to these two airlines, but I will go for Emirates first.

Attached are my travel photos of Emirates Airlines.


Saturday, May 18, 2019

3326. Juvenile mynah and parrot eating Rose Apples in pruned tree - May 16, 2019 Thu

May 16, 2019. Thu

It was a bright blue sky sunny morning at around 7.30 am today.  

Two juvenile spotted doves were outside my neighour's house on the road side. They did not fly away on seeing me, as if I was invisible. Took 2 images.

I drove straight to the Rose Apple tree which is an hour's walk, as my leg muscles are tired from previous days' long walks. 

On reaching the Rose Apple tree, I saw some birds circling a tall tree. Then they landed (an image)

Junvenile mynahs and green parrot with black stripped red neck seen pecking and eating Rose Apple hidden inside tree. Safer for them in case of predators.

May 17, 2019
Rainy morning. Went to SGH with J to check her ingrown toe. Podiatrist scrapped her nail bed to check and clear dead cells.  "No pus," she said. "No photography of her procedures!".