Monday, July 28, 2014

1430. A 7-year-old Shih Tzu has a large wrist lump

Hari Raya Puasa on Jul 28, 2014. Around 10 cases seen as most vet clinics are closed.
Interesting one of a Shih Tzu, Male, 7 years coming in with a large wrist lump. "About one week," the owner said.
"If it is one week and growing so large at 8 cm x 6 cm x 6 cm," I replied. "It is not good news as cancerous cells grow very fast. I need X-rays to check whether the bones are infiltrated or involved."

X-rays show normal bones. So it was good news.
"Surgical excision may result in the dog being lame on the right fore limb," I warned. "Unless the lump is one solid ball sized and dissected out using electro-excision & cautery carefully."

Owner opted for anti-inflam injection into the lump and wait for 2 weeks.




Sunday, July 27, 2014

1429. Yesin Vet Students Talk - Aug 11, 2014. Blood in the stools - check for parvovirus

As many Singapore dog owners do not vaccinate their older dogs, it is best practice to check for parvovirus when a dog passes blood in the stools. I have such adult dogs who have been to boarding purging with blood in the stools. They were positive for parvovirus.

It may be deemed negligent of the vet to overlook the test for parvovirus which is a fatal disease. Inform the owner about the test and if the owner does not want it, the vet should record this in his case notes. Should the dog be diagnosed with parvovirus by another vet when the dog continues passing bloody stools, the owner and his family may complain that the first vet was incompetent. Keeping good medical records on such advices protects the first vet against claims for compensation.

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Saturday, July 26, 2014

1428. Yesin Vet University talk to final year students. Aug 11, 2014 - tips on neutering

July 27, 2014

TALK TO FINAL YEAR VET STUDENTS - YESIN VET UNIVERSITY, MYANMAR



Employee vets
Each vet has his or her own way of doing surgery and using anaesthesia and sutures.

 Case study of post-op complications: Neutering of a poodle in Toa Payoh Vets.

MY SURGICAL TECHNIQUE
Day surgery
Age: 6 months and above
With-holding food and water: 10 hours before admission in the morning

1. Prepare for surgery, knowing the standard operature procedure as follows:

1. Physical examination, body weight and rectal temperature for fever.
2. Blood test to screen the health of the dog. Optional.
3. Palpate and express urinary bladder if it is full.
4. Pre-scrotal area clipped in preparation room.
5. I/V Domitor + Ketamine  based on Domitor 0.4 ml + Ketamine 0.5 ml for a young 10-kg dog.
6. Isoflurane + Oxygen gas top up if necessary.
7. Incise pre-scrotal area. Not too high up. Incision 1.5 -2 cm for small breed.
8. Expose testicle.
9. Clamp and cut cremaster muscle ligament.
10.3-haemostats clamping.  Ligate twice for spermatic vessels.
11. Stitch skin 3 stitches. Starting from the middle of the wound.

Illustration. 



Economics

Polysorb 2/0 or 3/0  one packet  S$12.80 = 9,216 kyats
Monosyn 2/0 or 3/0 one packet  S$12.40 = 8, 928 kyats
One S$= 720 kyats

CASE STUDY
3 weeks post-neuter. Complaint of vomiting now and then.
Dog is active, eats well, no fever.
No pain in surgical area of pre-scrotal.
Bites or growls when couple touches the pre-scrotal area
Sedate  D+K 0.05 + 0.06 ml IV
Clean
Prescrotal area preferred rather than over the bulb.  2/0 polysorb. Too tight?  Remove stitches
Deep and buried - stitch abscess? No pain on palpation but dog bites/growls owner who attempted to clean the wound.

Inguinal right. 3/0 monosyn filament. No inflammation. Stitches taken out.










VIDEO

CONCLUSION
Post-op complications like infection or stitch abscess do occur.
Economics is important as rentals and staff overheads increase yearly.
Much depends on

1427. Images of a young guinea pig



1426. Yesin Vet Univ Talk - Aug 11, 2014. An office rabbit stops eating for one day












Young lady was very concerned about this rabbit who wandered around the office and ate anything including wires.

He recovered with antibiotic and high fibre-food to pass out the stools. Lots of stools passed out.

Friday, July 25, 2014

1425. Undescended testicles become cancerous

July 26, 2014

Undescended testicles in the dog are best removed as many do become cancerous or grow to large sizes as in this 12-year-old poodle.



Thursday, July 24, 2014

1424. Images of BKTP videos. An 8-year-old Shih Tzu has a bigger bluish breast lump

July 25, 2014

Groomer Clara popped in with a 8-year-old Shih Tzu. "She will bite if you pull her out of the crate," she warned me. "Other dogs don't do it."

So we weighed the dog + crate = 8.1 kg. She poured the dog out and the crate weighed 2.1 kg. Once out, the dog did not bite but she would hum a few soothing words and rub her shoulder when the dog got injections. Dog bites are groomer's risk.


"6 kg and normal temperature of 38.6C" I checked the vagina for discharge. There was none.
"When was the last heat bleeding?" I asked. Clara phoned the owner who said it was 4 months ago.





























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GUIDELINES FOR DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OF FALSE PREGNANCY & MAMMARY TUMOURS IN DOGS

A non-pregnant bitch shows signs of pregnancy and maternal behaviour in middle or late diestrus. Also known as Pseudopregnancy, Pseudocyesis, Phantom Pregnancy.

1.  SIGNS.
1.1 History.  1.2  Physical Examination Findings
3. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
4. CBC/BIOCHEMISTRY/URINALYSIS
5. IMAGING - Radiography or ultrasonography
6. DIAGNOSIS
7. TREATMENT. Medical/Surgical
8. CLIENT EDUCATION



1.  SIGNS.
1.1 History - Behaviour changes - self-nursing (suck own nipples), restless, nesting, mothering activity.
Vomiting, anorexia and lethargy. Abdominal distension and mammary gland enlargement.

1.2  Physical Examination Findings - Large mammary that secrete a brownish serous fluid or milk.

3. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

4. CBC/BIOCHEMISTRY/URINALYSIS. Usually normal. If not, reproductive or systemic diseases.

5. IMAGING - Radiography or ultrasonography. To rule out closed pyometra and normal pregnancy.

6. DIAGNOSIS is made by a history of estrus 2-3 months before clincial signs and clinical signs present.

6. TREATMENT. Medical/Surgical

Usually will resolve 2-3 weeks without treatment
Do not spay till the dog is in during anestrus will prevent recurrence.
Do not spay during false pregnancy as milk will still be present post-surgery requiring medical treatment.
Breed bitch during next estrus if puppies wanted.
Elizabeth collar

Synthetic progesterone - megestrol acetate. 1-2mg/kg/24 hrs PO, 8 days. May cause pyometra, mammary gland hyperplasia, diabettes mellitus, weih gain, diabetes melltus, increased weight gain, adrenal cortex atrophy

mild tranquilsers excepr phenothiazine which increase prolactin concentration.

Surgery - ovariohysterectomy (spay).

8. CLIENT EDUCATION. Important for family members as the dog is family and to explain medical costs. Vet can illustrate the location, size and number of breast tumours or make a video clip.