Friday, July 11, 2014

1406. What You Need to Know About CPV (Canine Parvovirus)

Case study: The Singapore home-breeder does not believe in vaccinating her puppies.This female puppy was 8 months old but had not been vaccinated. She was lethargic around 7 days after being boarded in a pet shop before transfer to the new owners. Two days later, she passed blood in her stools. Abdominal palpation showed a lot of gas inside the intestines.||

The owner did not want a blood test. X-rays were done to check for any foreign bodies such as bones or pebbles inside her stomach and intestines. X-rays showed generalised ileus (gas all over the intestines). A parvoviral antigen test showed positive infection for canine parvovirus.

Check for foreign bodies but there were none. Gneralised ileus.  Gas forms from the stomach to the large intestines. I could feel the gas inside the intestines.

Supportive I/V drip was given. The couple was given a frank opinion that the unvaccinated dog has very low chance of survival. After 2 days of supportive treatment, the dog vomited all water and passed more bloody stools.

The couple sadly decided to stop further suffering by requesting euthanasia.  This dog could have lived if the home-breeder bothered to vaccinate her. The couple informed her and she said she had not boarded the dog in the pet shop. She seemed to know about the possibility of parvoviral infection when the couple told her earlier that the dog had become ill. She denied the dog was ever boarded in a pet shop which is one of the places where parvoviruses are present. Grooming shops, dog runs and veterinary clinics are other places where such viruses may be present. 

Always vaccinate your puppy. Vaccination saves lives.



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