http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BCXPXAX8bs4 in a snow leopard.
Big expensive equipment and expertise needed. The average dog owner will not be able to afford this procedure.
The leopard was on antibiotics for 8 weeks.
Weighed, blood and urine collected, physical examination, stable anaesthesia.
Endocscopy into the urinary tract to see where to place the stent.
Fluoroscopy (moving X-ray) to locate the stones
Shock waves to break down the stones into smaller pieces so that they pass out via the urine.