Thursday, June 24, 2010

112. Health screening to prevent diseases in your dog or cat

Emergency lab work includes measuring packed cell volume (PCV), total protein (Tp), blood glucose concentration, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum potassium and sodium concentrations, total and differentiated white cell count (WCC), haemoglobin level.

WCC increase may indicate sepsis or inflammation. Low blood glucose may indicate sepsis, hypoadrenocorticism or hepatic disease. Electrolyte disorders may mean hypoadrenocorticism

Complete cell count, serum chemistry, urinalysis

Detects infection (increased or decreased neutrophils), toxaemia or lymphoma (increased lymphocyte count). Eosinophilia may be due to eosinophilic gastritis or enteritis, parasitism, mastocytosis or hypoadrenocorticism.

Provides info about protein-losing enterpathies, azotaemia, liver disease, hypoadrenocorticism, diabetes mellius, hydration status and electrolyte concentrations. Serum amylase and lipase are not specific of canine or feline pancreatitis.

Provides info about kidney and liver diseases, ketoacidosis, glucosuria and hydration. Urine specific gravity and pH. Sediment examination for urinary crystals.

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