Sunday Dec 21, 2014
This 7-year-old male, not neutered Shih Tzu, born Feb 19, 2007 got his three vaccinations from me as a
puppy. On Jun 29, 2012, he passed blood in the urine for 2-3 weeks and
lost appetite. The owners said was fed only rice and wet food and did
not want surgery when X-ray showed bladder stones and urine showed
triple phosphate crystals +, bacteria 3+ and blood 4+ , protein 2+. pH
was 7.0. SG 1.015.
Dr Daniel advised surgery. The owner wanted
conservative treatment using a special diet to dissolve the stones. She
bought 6 cans of prescription diet S/D for the next 12 months. This is
not the correct way to dissolve the stones. The S/D diet must be fed
solely for 3 months and urine tests (monthly) and X-rays (3-6 monthly)
need to be done. The owner did not comply.
BLOOD TEST 22.12.14
Urea 8.5 (4.2-6.3). Creatinine 79 (89-177). Haematology was normal and this was a good sign for surgery as there was little or no bacterial infections or septicaemia.
pH 7.0 SG 1.01. Nitrite +, Blood 4+, Bacteria 2+, no crystals.
Today, Sunday, Dec 21, 2014, the owner consented to the surgery as the dog was peeing blood in the urine for several weeks.
Now the catheter cannot pass into the bladder as urethral stones at the bend of the urethra obstructed the passage of the catheter. I palpated the bladder. It was still solid as a golf ball but not fully obstructed. The dog surprisingly had an appetite. An IV drip with antibiotics, pain-killers and Vit Bs is given now and surgery was by Dr Daniel in the afternoon.
A globular submucosal bladder tumour 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 2 cm was surprisingly found. Many small stones with some sticking in clumps, looking like calcium oxalate uroliths were taken out.
Many Singapore owners are not aware that medical dissolution of triple phosphate stones need to be monitored regularly with urine tests and X-rays. In this case, the owner bought 6 cans of prescription S/D in 2012 when the stones were found in the bladder and assumed all stones will be dissolved since they fed rice and wet food.
S/D must be fed 3 months followed by C/D and there must be regular urine tests and X-rays.