Monday, April 26, 2021

3582. Syrian hamster with hair loss in the hindquarters and tail - hormonal causes and anal sacculitis?

 26 April 2021.

Syrian hamster, Female. Hair loss in the hindquarters and tail.

A rare condition seen at Toa Payoh Vets. 

Note the row of swollen mammary glands and dark anal area

Sunday, April 25, 2021

3581. A dwarf hamster has a gigantic facial tumour

26 Apr 2021. VETERINARY STORIES FOR VET STUDENTS AND PET OWNERS by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow). HOW DOES TOA PAYOH VETS TREAT TUMOURS IN  HAMSTERS? Image 2/8

ABOUT THIS CASE

A 1-year-old old female Syrian hamster had a small lump on her cheek some weeks ago. The owner went to the vet nearby but the vet does not perform hamster surgery. 

Delays in seeking veterinary treatment to excise this facial tumour led to a gigantic and heavy facial mass.
Such tumours are high risks as there will be profuse bleeding during removal. The large blood vessels supplying nutrients to this tumour are difficult to find and ligate, unlike those of the dog and cat.
 
Some vets don't operate on hamsters and may prescribe antibiotics and pain-killers. Some advise wait and see and then euthanasia later.  Time is of the essence as some hamsters are cancerous. Hence, the Singapore-based owner may need to search for a hamster vet    

BE KIND TO HAMSTERS. Surgery is the only option in the treatment of hamster tumours.

OR MORE INFORMATION:
TOA PAYOH VETS   +65 6254-3326, 9668-6468, 9664-0404, judy@toapayohvets.com99pups@gmail.com  www.toapayohvets.com  @toapayohvets














Friday, April 23, 2021

3859. Stray cat at KTP Hospital IG

 23 APR 2021. STRAY CATS.

Stray cats are an “endangered” species in Singapore’s public areas such as hawker centres. The authorities contract pest control companies to cull them.  So I was surprised to see this young stray cat at the Khoo Teck Puat Hospital on 23 Apr 2021 at 11 am@toapayohvets






3858. Khoo Teck Puat Hospital butterfly

23 APR 2021. SINGAPORE WILDLIFE.

Khoo Teck Puat Hospital is a hospital filled with plants and trees outside all floor levels, but there is a dearth of butterflies. I have not seen this species of an orange butterfly in Yio Chu Kang Crescent secondary forest in the past 2 years. It posed for me patiently, within 4 feet away. I managed to video it too.
 
I saw 2 yellow and 2 orange ones in the Medicinal Garden
@toapayohvetsFri 23 Apr 2021, 11 am





Thursday, April 22, 2021

3857. A stray cat's eye injury may led to blindness --- cat welfare activist. Put your money where your mouth is

 

25 APR 2021. BE KIND TO PETS VETERINARY EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS. 

This stray cat's right eyeball had deflated as aqueous humour had leaked out via a perforated cornea. The ring of blood-stained tears attracted Ms Lee, who was at the cat fosterer’s home. The fosterer procrastinated in getting this cat treated by her vet despite Ms Lee’s offer to reimburse her the expenses. So Ms Lee got the cat to Dr Daniel, knowing eye injuries are emergencies and treatment delay may lead to blindness.      


“Vet bills could be high,” I explained to 19-year-old Ms Lim, a vet intern. “She could have been played out by broken promises of others. In Singapore, a cat rescuer or re-homer usually gets sick cats to the vets." 


At Toa Payoh Vets, the ferocious cat hissed and clawed when approached. So Dr Daniel anaesthesized him with gas piped into his carrier on two occasions, to clean up the eye and give medication by injection. The corneal hole healed after 29 in-patient days of nursing and treatment.


Now, a white patch of scarred cornea in a non-deflated eyeball is a testament to the lawyer’s kindness and generosity. 


“What is the morale of this story?”, I asked Ms Lim. She shook her head. “It is 'Put your money where your mouth is’. The lawyer showed by her actions and not just her words that she cared for the welfare of stray cats by getting this cat treated.” 










UPDATE ON 49TH DAY (Additional sentence in green text).




























49TH DAY













-------------------------------------------------------


9 May 2021. Veterinary stories by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow).
PUT YOUR MONEY WHERE YOUR MOUTH IS

This stray cat's right eyeball had deflated as aqueous humour had leaked out via a perforated cornea. The ring of blood-stained tears attracted Ms Lee, who was at the cat fosterer’s home. The fosterer procrastinated in getting this cat treated by her vet despite Ms Lee’s offer to reimburse her the expenses. So Ms Lee got the cat to Dr Daniel, knowing eye injuries are emergencies and treatment delay may lead to blindness.      


“Vet bills could be high,” I explained to 19-year-old Ms Lim, a vet intern. “She could have been played out by broken promises of others. In Singapore, a cat rescuer or re-homer usually gets sick cats to the vets." 


At Toa Payoh Vets, the ferocious cat hissed and clawed when approached. So Dr Daniel anaesthesized him with gas piped into his carrier on two occasions, to clean up the eye and give medication by injection. The corneal hole healed after 29 in-patient days of nursing and treatment.

On the 49th day, the corneal scar is less cloudy. He can see better and does not rub his right eye.

Now, a white patch of scarred cornea in a non-deflated eyeball is a testament to the lawyer’s kindness and generosity. 


“What is the morale of this story?”, I asked Ms Lim. She shook her head. “It is 'Put your money where your mouth is’. The lawyer showed by her actions and not just her words that she cared for the welfare of stray cats by getting this cat treated.”











3856. Final Video production. HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 2. Prevention.

 Draft script. Not final script yet.  

1.  Balanced Diet --- different types of hay and pellet for young and older guinea pig. 80% hay to 20% pellets. 

1.l   YOUNGER diet different --- Less than 6 months old. More alfalfa.

1.2  2-4 months old   higher protein mix more alfalfa hay with other types of hay.

2. OLDER --- More than 6 months old.
No more alfalfa hay or very little.

Do not leave care to the domestic worker. Urine monitoring by the owner.  


2.  Monitor urine colour, 

3.  water intake

4. Pee area


5. Supplement. Vitamin C.























-----------------------------


Below is PART1. 


22 APR 2021. Veterinary Stories by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow).HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 1. Diagnosis and treatment.


JULY 5, 2016.


"For the past 7 days, Whisky squeaked several times a day and night," Mr Ho, a divorced senior citizen said solemnly. "I thought he sought attention---like pre-schoolers throw tantrums to get parental attention. 



"But he drinks about 50% less water. His stools are normal but there are smaller stool sizes now.

"I took leave from my gardening job to bring my guinea pig to you for a check-up! I pray he is not in serious bad health,"


Mr Ho worked for a landscaping company as a gardener, trimming and caring for plants and flowers of big shopping malls. He was not your usual old man as he is fashionable. 


He wears a face mask to protect himself from inhaling fine dust and soil as Covid-19 virus was not present in 2016.

A broad brim hat to shield his sun-tanned face from the harsh sunlight. He was not the stereotypical frail and vulnerable  old people. 


"The guinea pig does not cry for attention many times a day," I palpated the 17-month-old male. Whisky shivered and moved away when I palpated the back half of his abdomen. This is where his bladder was located. I X-rayed his abdomen.

"Whisky was crying for help, actually," I told Mr Ho. "The pain was intense and that was why he sought you out for help!

"Whisky has a urinary tract infection as evident by the presence of reddish-brown urine seen when he was warded overnight. X-rays show a bladder stone floating inside his bladder." 

"I was too busy at work," Mr Ho shook his head. "Hence I delayed for 7 days. Can he be operated to get the stone removed?"  



"Not now," I advised. "Whisky has urinary tract infection and weight loss. He has to regain his health before a surgery to remove his bladder stone is to be done. He is not fit for anesthesia. He will die if he is operated today. 

Feed him antibiotics, painkillers and Critical Care by hand. Also around 500 ml of water a day 6 times a day. Whisky will be reviewed 7 days later." 



JULY 13, 2016.

However on the 8th day, Whisky could not walk. He could not pee too. He had not been eating by himself for the past 8 days. Mr Ho had to hand feed him.

X-ray showed the stone had lodged inside the urethra, obstructing any flow of urine. Hence he could not pee. I palpated his bladder which was a hard golf ball in size. 

Whisky would soon die of a ruptured bladder or kidney failure due to the backflow obstruction of urine.

An emergency surgery was needed but the anaesthetic risk was so much higher now.


"Most likely, Whisky would die on the operating table. "You have to make the decision," I informed Mr Ho of the complications and a high probability of death on the operating table. He signed the anaesthetic and surgery consent form for the operation.


The cystotomy surgery was a success. I incised the bladder wall and extracted a small stone of 4-5mm in diameter lodged tightly inside the urethra.

However, Whisky passed away the next day. Mr Ho was very sad. Whisky was cremated. He kept the ashes in the urn.


I sent the urinary stone to the Minnestoa University Veterinary School to be analysed. It was a calcium carbonate stone.

Stones are usually formed as a result of feeding an unbalanced high calcium and protein diet. Obesity, drinking less water or withholding urine for long periods of time before peeing may be contributing factors.

END OF PART 1. MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2021/04/2016-guinea-pig-has-urinary-stone-in.html


Another video will discuss:
HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 2. Prevention.
MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:


Friday, April 16, 2021

3855. Final Video production. HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 1. Diagnosis and treatment.

FOR INSTAGRAM  @toapayohvets

22 APR 2021. Veterinary Stories by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow).HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 1. Diagnosis and treatment.

JULY 5, 2016. "For the past 7 days, Whisky squeaked several times a day and night," Mr Ho, a divorced senior citizen said solemnly. "I thought he sought attention---like pre-schoolers throw tantrums to get parental attention. 

"But he drinks about 50% less water. His stools are normal but there are smaller stool sizes now.

"I took leave from my gardening job to bring my guinea pig to you for a check-up! I pray he is not in serious bad health."

X-ray showed a bladder stone. The urine test showed blood and bacteria. Whisky had a urinary tract infection. Mr Ho took him home to hand feed the medication, Critical Care and water for the next 7 days. A review as regards surgery to remove the bladder stone would be done on the 8th day.   



JULY 13, 2016. However on the 8th day, Whisky could not walk. He could not pee too. He had not been eating by himself for the past 8 days. Mr Ho had to hand feed him.


X-ray showed the stone had lodged inside the urethra, obstructing any flow of urine. Hence he could not pee. I palpated his bladder which was a hard golf ball in size. 

Whisky would soon die of a ruptured bladder or kidney failure due to the backflow obstruction of urine. An emergency surgery was needed but the anaesthetic risk was so much higher now.


The cystotomy surgery was a success. I incised the bladder wall and extracted a small stone of 4-5mm in diameter lodged tightly inside the urethra.


However, Whisky passed away the next day. Mr Ho was very sad. Whisky was cremated. He kept the ashes in the urn.


END OF PART 1. MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2021/04/2016-guinea-pig-has-urinary-stone-in.html


PART 2. Another video will discuss: 
HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 2. Prevention.
MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2021/04/3856-3855-final-video-production-how-to.html



----------------------------------------------------------------
FOR VIDEO PRODUCTION

22 APR 2021. Veterinary Stories by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow).HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 1. Diagnosis and treatment.


JULY 5, 2016.

"For the past 7 days, Whisky squeaked several times a day and night," Mr Ho, a divorced senior citizen said solemnly. "I thought he sought attention---like pre-schoolers throw tantrums to get parental attention. 

"But he drinks about 50% less water. His stools are normal but there are smaller stool sizes now.

"I took leave from my gardening job to bring my guinea pig to you for a check-up! I pray he is not in serious bad health."

Mr Ho worked for a landscaping company as a gardener, trimming and caring for plants and flowers of big shopping malls. He was not your usual old man as he is fashionable. 


He wore a face mask to protect himself from inhaling fine dust and soil as Covid-19 virus was not present in 2016.

A broad brim hat to shield his sun-tanned face from the harsh sunlight. He was not the stereotypical frail and vulnerable  old people. 


"The guinea pig does not cry for attention many times a day," I palpated the 17-month-old male. Whisky shivered and moved away when I palpated the back half of his abdomen. This is where his bladder was located. I X-rayed his abdomen.

"Whisky was crying for help, actually," I told Mr Ho. "The pain was intense and that was why he sought you out for help!

"Whisky has a urinary tract infection as evident by the presence of reddish-brown urine seen when he was warded overnight. X-rays show a bladder stone floating inside his bladder." 

"I was too busy at work," Mr Ho shook his head. "Hence I delayed for 7 days. Can he be operated to get the stone removed?"  

"Not now," I advised. "Whisky has urinary tract infection and weight loss. He has to regain his health before a surgery to remove his bladder stone is to be done. He is not fit for anesthesia. He will die if he is operated today. 


Feed him antibiotics, painkillers and Critical Care by hand. Also around 500 ml of water a day 6 times a day. Whisky will be reviewed 7 days later." 

X-ray showed a bladder stone. The urine test showed blood and bacteria. Whisky had a urinary tract infection. Mr Ho took him home to hand feed the medication, Critical Care and water for the next 7 days. A review as regards surgery to remove the bladder stone would be done on the 8th day.


JULY 13, 2016.

However on the 8th day, Whisky could not walk. He could not pee too. He had not been eating by himself for the past 8 days. Mr Ho had to hand feed him.

X-ray showed the stone had lodged inside the urethra, obstructing any flow of urine. Hence he could not pee. I palpated his bladder which was a hard golf ball in size. 

Whisky would soon die of a ruptured bladder or kidney failure due to the backflow obstruction of urine.

An emergency surgery was needed but the anaesthetic risk was so much higher now.

"Most likely, Whisky would die on the operating table. "You have to make the decision," I informed Mr Ho of the complications and a high probability of death on the operating table. He signed the anaesthetic and surgery consent form for the operation.

The cystotomy surgery was a success. I incised the bladder wall and extracted a small stone of 4-5mm in diameter lodged tightly inside the urethra.


However, Whisky passed away the next day. Mr Ho was very sad. Whisky was cremated. He kept the ashes in the urn.


I sent the urinary stone to the Minnestoa University Veterinary School to be analysed. It was a calcium carbonate stone.

Stones are usually formed as a result of feeding an unbalanced high calcium and protein diet. Obesity, drinking less water or withholding urine for long periods of time before peeing may be contributing factors.

END OF PART 1. MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2021/04/2016-guinea-pig-has-urinary-stone-in.html


Another video will discuss:
HOW TO PREVENT URINARY STONE FORMING IN YOUR GUINEA PIG? Part 2. Prevention.
MORE INFORMATION AND VIDEOS IN THIS BLOG:
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2021/04/3856-3855-final-video-production-how-to.html



-------------------  
































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video summarises the progress of the two consultations
- stone in the bladder and then in the urethra 8 days later



 July 2016. Urethral obstruction

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2016/07/2975-1-year-old-guinea-pig-has-stone.html

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/02/3432-guinea-pig-has-bladder-stone-and.html















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