Tuesday, June 28, 2022

4131. A yellow butterfly in Shan Shwe Oo Resort

 


Grass Yellow butterfly

(TO NARRATE).
Yellow butterflies are commonly seen the whole year round in Singapore. They are the Grass Yellow butterfly and related species. Are yellow butterflies commonly seen the whole year round in Yangon, Myanmar?  


INTRODUCTION. Myanmar is a large country with over 55 million people. The majority of the

population is Buddhist in faith (insert 2 images below). Its tourist attractions (like Inle Lake and its leg paddling fishermen in the image) bring in much revenue and jobs for the people.  


Inle Lake





















Dr Thien Tun Aung (L) and his family went to 
Shan Shwe Oo Resort on Sunday, 26 Jul 2022 at 3 PM. 





Shan Shwe Oo Resort video.



Lots of greenery. A big pond with fishes and lotus flowers


Video 4.












VIDEO 1


A yellow butterfly in the Shan Shwe Oo Resort posed for Dr Tun Thein Aung
of Royal Asia Veterinary Surgery on Sunday, 26 Jun 2022 at 3PM





He took the following video using his smartphone camera. 






Pet dogs are welcome 




Myanmar waitress at Shan Shwe Oo Resort, outside Yangon








Grass Yellow (Eurema sp.) are small butterflies that have lemon-yellow wings with small black spots. They are found in Singapore throughout the year.














4130. Stray cats in Singapore and in a Seoul Zoo in Jun 2022 as seen by Dr Sing Kong Yuen



27 Jun 2022:  SINGAPORE STRAY CAT
Very rare to see one stray cat in the public places in Singapore nowadays. 
They had been culled by town councils or trapped by pest control people over the years.
There is a community that traps, neuter and release (TNR) stray cats over the years, bu
the Covid-19 pandemic had stopped many of the members from continuing.


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This stray cat looks healthy and in excellent bodily condition
Probably cared for by zoo administrators as he or she wandered around the 
office building area when I saw the cat during my 24 Jun 2022 visit to
the Seoul Grand Park Zoo





 






 

Monday, June 27, 2022

4129. Unbelievable story - An orange butterfly at Seoul Zoo posed for me


UNBELIEVABLE STORY by Dr Sing Kong Yuen.

24 Jun 2022: SEOUL ZOO


Around 4 butterflies were seen around a small plot of garden at the entrance to the Seoul Zoo on 2 Jun 2022.

I hoped to photograph one sharp photo of one of the few butterflies fluttering in the small garden.

It was as if my wish was answered by Mother Nature? This butterfly posed within 6 feet from me for over 60 seconds. I took this photo. I got to video her too. 

A 56-second video and a phot of this butterfly is for sale.
Contact 99pups@gmail.com     +65 9668-6468

 MORE INFO AT:

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/unbelievable-story-orange-butterfly-at.html





A 20-second video from handphone video of original video

 





A 56-second video of this butterfly is for sale.
Contact 99pups@gmail.com   +65 9668-6468









 MORE INFO AT:

 
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/unbelievable-story-orange-butterfly-at.html


Friday, June 24, 2022

4128. Photography Tip: Polka dotted butterfly at Seoul Zoo, in the shade of leaves

 PHOTOGRAPHY TIP.25 Jun 2022. 1 PM. SIESTA AT SEOUL ZOO. This polka dotted butterfly fluttered towards me and hid in the shade in between leaves as I was looking for butterflies to photograph. Lighting was dark, hence difficult to get sharper image as settings should not be the “P” Mode which I used as the butterfly might not stay long. Focus is on the eye.  







4126. Photography tips: Lotus flower in Seoul Grand Park Zoo

 PHOTOGRAPHY TIP BY Dr Sing Kong YuenI placed my DSLR Camera on the top of a bridge railing and focused on centre of lotus flower. The camera did not vibrate or move as compared to hand-holding when I pressed the shutter. Same applies for handphone. Overcast day, 2 pm, Seoul Grand Park Zoo. 24 Jun 2022. Food photography indoors by amateurs usually produces poor quality images mainly due to bad lighting conditions and out of focus images - imagine the lotus and leaves as dishes in indoor amateur food photography - it is difficult to get sharpness of the lotus.  





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sun rays help to produce brighter photos


 PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS FROM DR SING KONG YUEN:
25 Jun 2022: I placed my camera onto the top railing of the wooden bridge overlooking the water lily pond. In this way, I do not need to hand-hold the DSLR camera and click the shutter and focus at the same time - causing vibration of the camera. The sun rays appeared briefly - hence this photo looks sharper (red water lily is the focus of my lens). There is no way to get such a sharp image if you handhold and focus on the pistil and stamens of the red water lily. If you use a handphone, it will probably not focus so sharp on the red water lily. 

Always find a support such as the top railing of a bridge to get sharp focus. Hand holding rarely gives good sharp images.














Thursday, June 23, 2022

4125. Wildlife in Seoul, South Korea - green woodpecker. Photography tip


PHOTOGRAPHY TIP. 

 Juvenile Green Woodpecker?Seoul Children’s Grand Park, outside Seoul Children’s Museum

Sudden appearance, pecks on trunk, flew off within 60 seconds

 Focus on the eye, only 1/12 images is sharptoapayohvets.com   23 Jun 2022



Good morning. Very rare sighting of wildlife (birds) that appeared in front of you during your travels. Very hard to get sharp image. In this case, I was thinking whether there were wild birds in this Seoul Children's Grand Park (zoo and concert hall in park) that could be photographed with my ordinary DSLR camera . The green woodpecker suddenly flew to a tree trunk some 20 feet away from me. She or he pecked at the trunk a few times, to tell me he or she is a woodpecker. Green woodpeckers are rare in Singapore. 



Wednesday, June 22, 2022

4124. How to take photos of Airline food in the dark cabin.

PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS - How to take Airline food photos in the dark cabin.

SINGAPORE - 22 JUN 2022, 7 AM: Breakfast included Kimchi Rice and Suzuki Coffee in the Business Class, Singapore Airlines, reaching Seoul. “P” Mode, Central focus is on the strawberry. Sunlight from the right window shone on the food in the dark cabin as a passenger to my right, suddenly lifted up the window shade. The Boeing 787 had two aisles. I was seated 4th from the right if you visualise Economy Class seating arrangement.






Monday, June 20, 2022

4123. FINAL VIDEO. Part 1/2. A stray cat has a gigantic facial abscess. Is it a malar abscess or a cat fight abscess?

YOU TUBE SCRIPT

A stray cat (Video 1/2) has a gigantic facial abscess. Cat fight or malar abscess? Video 1/2. Mar 2019 Case study. The stray cat is a 10-year-old female domestic short-haired cat wandered around the factory premises. The owner saw her swollen face, said to be a duration of 3-4 days. Toa Payoh Vets treated her under anaesthesia by lancing and draining the foul-smelling pus from the swelling.



Her upper premolar cheek teeth were loose and decayed, hence confirming that the diagnosis was a malar or cheek abscess. The teeth were extracted. Cat fight abscesses usually do not have loose cheek teeth and periodontitis. The cat was an inpatient for 3 days and went home. She recovered fully after two weeks.



MORE INFORMATION AT:

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/4123-gigantic-facial-abscess-in-stray.html


----------------------


SCRIPT FOR VIDEO PRODUCTION


HOOK - 10-second footage of consultation and anaesthesia/surgery with least bloody scenes. Video at:

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html


Pt 2/2 is at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0p6UnO0xX8Q
Video - Part 2 shows surgical treatment - lance and drain the abscess, dental scaling and extraction of the decayed lower right premolar tooth. Flea and deworming treatment were advised


MIDDLE AND CONCLUSION -  Narrate the slides


The diagnosis was

Malar AbscessThe cat’s white blood cells at the infected roots of the malar tooth eliminated the bacteria. Pus formed and spread to the nasal sinus

A gigantic facial swelling below the eye appeared. This was a Malar Abscess  The 10-year-old cat recovered fully  two weeks after surgery




-------------------------


Pt 1/2 video. Consultation with Dr Sing Kong Yuen. A factory cat has a gigantic facial abscess.
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html

Pt 2/2 is at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0p6UnO0xX8Q
Video - Part 2 shows surgical treatment - lance and drain the abscess, dental scaling and extraction of the decayed lower right premolar tooth. Flea and deworming treatment were advised.






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20 Jun 2022. A GIGANTIC FACIAL ABSCESS IN A STRAY CAT
Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow) 

A rare case of a gigantic facial abscess in a stray cat kept in a factory in Ang Mo Kio. The vast majority of facial abscess cases are cat fights leading to bacterial infections inside the face. There will be swellings below the lower eyelids. Soon, the swellings ruptures into holes draining pus.

Cats do suffer from Malar Abscesses, equivalent to Carnassial Tooth Abscesses in the dog. However, Malar Abscesses are rare in cats. I had encountered one or two cases at Toa Payoh Vets. The only treatment is EXTRACTION of the decayed loose malar tooth.

This case could also be a Malar Abscess case as stray cat owners rarely take the cats for dental check ups annually. This cat was permitted to stray in the factory grounds and must have had fought with other cats.

The cat recovered fully after treatment including drainage of the foul-smeling pus. The owner and his wife used to house stray cats in rented Pasir Ris boarding kennels which have had been demolished by the government.





















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VIDEO


MORE INFORMATION AT:

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/4123-gigantic-facial-abscess-in-stray.html


---------------------------

DETAILS



THE CAT HAS A GIGANTIC FACIAL ABSCESS – PARTS 1 AND 2.

Part 1/2 is this video is also shown on FACEBOOK on Mar 4, 2019.

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html



The care-giver contacted me at 10 am. He used to keep over 20 stray cats in a kennel place in Pasir Ris kennels some 20 years ago. Now he has this cat and another two cats in his factory shop in Ang Mo Kio. This cat lived in the factory unit but roamed freely within the factory according to him and had never been sick for over 10 years.

"How long has the cat has a swollen face?" I asked him. "3-4 days," he said. That was an explosive ballooning of the cat's right facial area in just 3-4 days. The bad odour of rotten eggs wafted up when I incised the abscess. It indicated a flesh-eating gas-forming bacterial infection. What to do?

The cat was anaesthesized. Xylazine 0.01 ml + Ketamine 0.1 ml IM which was the least dose to sedate. Isoflurane gas and oxygen via gas mask was given to top up the anaesthesia when needed. The swelling was lanced with a scalpel blade. Foul smelly thick brownish red pus flowed out of the cut. I used 3% hydrogen peroxide as an antiseptic after releasing the pus into the kidney dish.

Then I used copious amounts of normal saline to irrigate and clean up the inner part of the skin wound. Blood test showed very high numbers of white blood cells and neutrophils indicating a severe bacterial infection.

Prompt treatment by the owner saved this cat's life as the infection spread rapidly within 3 days. The cat did not have fever or become emaciated, showing that the owner did seek early veterinary intervention.

The old cat woke up fast from anaesthesia as the dosage given was very low. The risk of dying on the operating table is very high in old pets, hence the use of isoflurane gas top up is the safest procedure rather than a higher dose of injectable sedatives. She went home with oral antibiotics and painkillers.

UPDATE: As at Mar 9, 2019, no complaint from the care-giver. The cat had fully recovered and was eating as normal. He still wandered freely in the factory premises.

Cat facial abscesses are due to cat fights. This cat was neutered. In general, it is best to neuter the male cat and keep the cat at the factory shop/home to prevent cat fights during wanderings. This cat recovered fully after two weeks.

PHOTOS AND VIDEOS are at:

https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html



The diagnosis was

Malar AbscessThe cat’s white blood cells at the infected roots of the malar tooth eliminated the bacteria. Pus formed and spread to the nasal sinus

A gigantic facial swelling below the eye appeared. This was a Malar Abscess  The 10-year-old cat recovered fully  two weeks after surgery


Pt 1/2 video. Consultation with Dr Sing Kong Yuen. A factory cat has a gigantic facial abscess.
https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html

Pt 2/2 is at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0p6UnO0xX8Q
Video - Part 2 shows surgical treatment - lance and drain the abscess, dental scaling and extraction of the decayed lower right premolar tooth. Flea and deworming treatment were advised.




WARNING. Part 2/2 contains surgical procedures on treatment of the malar abscess in this cat. Viewer discretion is advised.


IN CONCLUSION

This infected RIGHT upper 3rd premolar tooth in this jaw had decayed and dropped off before treatment. The bacterial infection of its roots HAD spread upwards to the SINUS of the face (IMAGE) over a short period of 3-4 days to form the gigantic facial abscess. This is diagnosed as as malar or carnassial tooth abscess. 



UPDATE: 

Video - Part 2 shows surgical treatment - lance and drain the abscess, dental scaling and extraction of the decayed lower right premolar tooth. I advised to owner to deflea and deworm this cat. Fleas were crawling all over her fur (IMAGE).

As at Mar 9, 2019, no complaint from the factory owner. The cat had fully recovered and was eating as normal. She was a spayed cat but still wandered freely in the factory premises. She was infested with fleas (IMAGE). It is best to keep the spayed cat indoors to prevent cat fights during wanderings. Fortunately for the cat, she did not die under anaesthesia as she was septicaemic DURING ANAESTHESIA. . (DEFINE SEPTICAEMIA). She recovered fully after two weeks. 



Pt 1/2 is at:  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0p6UnO0xX8Q

PHOTOS are at: https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2019/03/3460-stray-female-10-year-old-cat-has.html













-------------------------------------------------------
FINAL  VIDEO PART 1/2





FINAL  VIDEO PART 2/2







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The 3-act structure prevents boredom. Arranging events in an order that conflict causes change, which in turn causes more conflict, building and building, until the story's final confrontation and resolution. 3 acts. Beginning, middle and end. 

From a plot point of view: Set-up, Conflict, Resolution
From an emotional POV, Attraction, Tension, Satisfaction
From a thematic POV. Subject, Development, Fulfillment.


ACT 1 - ATTRACTION.
Grab the reader's attention by establishing the genre and mood, which create the anticipation of desired feelings such as laughter for a comedy or tension in a thriller. 

First, introduce the main character with whom the reader will bond. You estabish the main problem which captures the reader's interest and creates curiosity and anticipation as to how the protagonist will solve his dilemma. The opening hook is an essential emotional element in this act.

Several types of opening:
1. Hero in action.  Introduce the protagonist in the middle of conflict (most common opening, most effective---character bonding and drama). This hero in action opening gives you a choice to focus on e.g. character's uniqueness or character empathy (misfortune or mistreatment). 

2. Villain in action. 
3. Backstory/prologue  eg. traumatic prologues
4. Spectacle e.g stunts, special effects, over-the-top events generate thrill for the reader. Joyous occasions like a wedding (The Godfather).
5. Mystery. Intriguing event that arouses curiosity in the reader, making him wonder what is going on, is also a great way to open a script. Alien, The matrix,E.T. --- where are we? Who are these characters, what are they talking about, what's going on?

6.  Unique world. World of the mafia (The Godfater), world of aliens on earth (Men in Black), the Amish world, panoramic bird's-eye view of a future Los Angeles - Blade runner. 

7. Exposition. As long as the basic information about the world of your story is intereswting and crucial to the understanding of the plot e.g. the scrolling exposition (Star Wars). 

8. Breaking the fourth wall. A rare but effective way to open a story with a character speaking directly to the reader which creates immediacy and connections. e.g. voice-over eg. American Beauty or Sunset Boulevard or having the character speak directly into the camera, thus "breaking the fourth wall", e.g. High Fidelity, Ferris Bueller's Day off or Annie Hall.  

9. Book-ended flashback  A popular device or structure to open period pieces or detective stories that involves investigation of a past event.  Eg. Titanic, Amadeus, Citizen Kane, The Bridges of madison County or Double Indemnity. Make sure the past is more important than the one in the present. 

10. STORY TELLING USING THE 3D's to sell a product or service
Details
Dialogue
Discovery
All wrapped up in Drama


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Images of stray cats in Singapore




4122. A rare case of cavity in the Carnassial Tooth causing oro-nasal fistulas




20 Jun 2022. A RARE CASE OF CAVITY CAUSING ORO-NASAL FISTULAS
Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow) 

A rare case of cavity in the Carnassial Tooth causing oro-nasal fistulas in a poodle. The vast majority of cases affecting the Carnassial Tooth or 4th premolar tooth is infection of the roots of the tooth, causing pus to migrate to the nasal sinuses. There will be swellings below the lower eyelids. Soon, the swellings ruptures into holes or facial wounds.

Many dog owners think the dog has suffered some traumatic injuries resulting in facial wounds with oozing pus or blood and pus. Some vets may misdiagnose these oro-nasal fistulas are facial wounds.

However, such wounds do NOT heal despite medication. The only treatment is EXTRACTION of the decayed loose carnassial tooth.

In this case of cavity in the crown of the tooth, ROOT CANAL TREATMENT will be the treatment of choice, but it will be expensive compared to DENTAL EXTRACTION.  

Goto: www.toapayohvets.com to read up on several cases seen in the past decades.

MORE INFORMATION AT:
 https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/4122-rare-case-of-cavity-in-carnassial.html


Sunday, June 19, 2022

4121. An old dog with 3 seizures. What is the cause?

16 June 2022. An old dog had 3 seizures. Why?

The owner wanted a 2nd opinion on why her dog had a 3rd seizure. She had consulted a vet who took a blood test and said there was liver disorder. He wanted further blood tests to check whether the old dog had Cushing Disease. The owner did not wish her dog to undergo more tests and so declined. 

"Blood tests are needed to check whether the dog really has Cushing Disease before prescribing medication," I told the lady owner who had consulted me when her dog was a puppy. "There are effective medication from the vet for Cushing Disease in the dog."

She had shifted far away and was busy at work. So proximity to vets was important and Toa Payoh Vets was distant from her home. So I had not seen the dog.

She ordered online two herbal supplements. One claimed Cushing Disease "treatment" and the other claimed "Skin disease" treatment. 

"Since the blood test was done one year ago," I advised a recent one to check the liver disorder. "There are many causes of seizures or fits in the older dog," I told her.  Many of the younger generation do their research on the internet and some may buy the herbal supplements to treat their dogs. In this case, I advised stopping the herbal supplements as seizures still persisted. The "skin disease" herbal supplement were of no use, as the old dog had developed a few skin warts which are part of ageing in some dogs. Warts are caused by papilloma viruses.

A blood test is accepted by the lady. She wanted vaccination for her dog. "Vaccination is best done after blood test', I advised. "The big cherry eye caused intense discomfort. Your dog has tartar on his teeth, but he has panting occasionally. No heart murmurs but the dog may have heart enlargement."

"If the old dog has good dental health and prevention of diseases, he will live another 2 years. Some small breeds live up to 20 years in Singapore," I said. 

The dog has a swollen abdomen. "He passed gases often," the owner said. The dog did pass gas during my palpation of his tense swollen abdomen.  

We will wait 7 days to ensure that the dog has his antibiotics before dental scaling. Vaccination and removal of skin warts and cherry eye procedures will be done. The owner will stop feeding beans in her home-cooked food for her dog as they may cause flatulence or farting.  We will observe for seizures to know more about the cause.

UPDATES IN THIS BLOG:
    

 https://2010vets.blogspot.com/2022/06/4121-old-dog-with-3-seizures-what-is.html


 

4120. A culture of good F&B Service from The Erasian Restaurant

Sunday 19 Jun 2022: Father's Day at The Erasian Restaurant. This is my 3rd visit.

Not so crowded as the music band played only on Fridays and Saturdays.
Waiter Mr Febrego,  about 40 years old, originally from Portugual had worked for 4 months. He would recommend food combinations e.g. the sour achar to go with pork belly. 

He was a Grab delivery man but now he works in F & B as he gets CPF (pension contributions) and working background if he were to live in Canada. A very jovial person in grey face mask!  His younger colleague wished me "Happy Father's Day" when we were in the gents' room.  This Restaurant has a culture of personalised service with a heart.  

A short shower. Hot and humid inside the non-air con restaurant. A good Father's Day celebration. Kat was present too.



Big families dine on Father's Day



Mr Febrego (L) with customer

 



4119. Photographing the daylight moon tips

 






19 Jun 2022. Sunday. Father's Day.
I took a photo of the moon at 7AM at the Esplanade, after sending LP to Gateway Theatre by 6.30 am.

www.instagram.com/toapayohvets



19 Jun 2022. 

COMPARE THE SHARPNESS OF THE MOON IMAGES TAKEN IN 2022 AND 2018.


Practice makes perfect. I show my 2 images of the moon seen at daylight in Singapore in 2018 and 2022.


In 2022, I place the camera on top of another DSLR camera. Both cameras are placed on the ledge on the partition wall of The Esplanade car park entrance. The DSLR Canon EOS 90D 18-200 mm lens camera points at the moon skywards.


I then touch the LIVE view LED screen. That means no clicking of shutter and much less shaking of the lens.


I will say that the 19 Jun 2022 image of the daylight moon is much sharper than the 2018 image which would be handheld or placed on a car roof top. The shutter button would be pressed to click...causing vibrations and less sharp image of the moon.

A tripod is best but I seldom use it.









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how I positioned the camera