Thursday, April 28, 2022

4044: Video creation. Ear tumours in a hamster. Amputation of ear.

Hamster do develop gangrenous ear tumours? What to do?

8 May 2022

Be Kind To Pets Veterinary Educational Videos

A case study by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow).

As the Instagram does not permit longer videos,  please go to 

1.  YOUTUBE:  (present youtube video)

2. BLOG:

for updates and more images if you do not watch the Youtube video above.

4033. Video creation: How to do Z-plasty in a dog - Elina


Wednesday, April 27, 2022

4032. Environment. Blue Recycling bins


The blue bin for recyclables have been around since 2014 but contamination means 40% of contaminated waste cannot be recycled 

Blue bins at foot of every HDB block…separate their thrash, rinse recyclables and dispose of items properly in these blue bins

Persistence of contamination issues has proven intractable for 8 years. Other options like manned recycling booths n education outreach campaigns can ensure that the efforts of the environmentally conscious are not wasted in the meantime 

Monday, April 25, 2022

4032. A dwarf hamster has a large right ear tumour. What to do?


Around 6 Apr 2022, the owner wanted an appointment for the "ear infection" of the right ear. She  WhatsApp me. On physical examination on 7 Apr, I said to the fiance:  "It is not an ear infection," I had some photos taken with my digital camera. "It is an aggressive large ear tumour extending inside and into the ear canal. Digital cameras take better quality photos. Please WhatsApp the image to your fiancee."

"What is the treatment?" the personable young man asked. "I advise ear amputation after 3 days of antibiotics and pain-killers so that the tumour is clear of bacterial infections" I said. "The tumour is large and has spread deeply involving 90% the ear pinnae."

The hamster was operated on 19 Apr 2022. He survived the anaesthesia and surgery and is back to

normal at home as at 25 Apr. The stitches would dissolved by themselves. 







----------------------------------------- A 2-year-old male Syrian hamster (Video 1/2) has several large ear tumours. What to do? Veterinary Stories by Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow). 2022 case study. 6 Apr, 2022. I was consulted about the "ear infections" in this 2-year-old male Syrian hamster. This was the owner's diagnosis. "The right ear has numerous inflamed and infected ear pinna tumours," I took digital photos for the fiancee to WhatsApp to the owner. "Come back 3 days later after antibiotics and anti-inflammatory for surgery to amputate the whole year. "No medication will make the aggressive right ear tumours go away. Amputation of the whole ear is now needed as the tumours look cancerous." No histology of the tumours wa done to reduce veterinary costs. The owner had the operation done on 19 Apr 2022 (video of hamster after surgery by Dr Daniel Sing). The hamster is OK as at 27 Apr 2022 now. Early detection and removal of the small ear tumour before they enlarge to such a massive size would have saved drastic amputation of the ear. Check your hamster's ears whenever you clean the cage. MORE INFORMATION AT:

Video 1/2. Consultation and digital camera photography

Video 2/2. 5 minutes after ear amputation video 






Saturday, April 23, 2022

4031. KINDLE STORIES - Hinthada - NEW YEAR APRIL 2022.Merit making. Myanmar Stories.


1.  Archetypal agricultural trading town

2.  Commercial hub for the rice trade (Irrawaddy River)
3. Seasonal floods in May - October (wet season).
4. Employment - seasonal (rice transporter, farmer)

more farmers harvesting the rice, some with small tractors but many in the backbreaking traditional way, with small hand-held scythes. Each was paid around $4 for each long day of seasonal work in the fields on land they don't own.

Irrawaddy River provides the lifeblood of the town.  Stopping point for the Irrawaddy river boats making their way from Yangon to Mandalay (rice transport) 

A market town in Myanmar's Heartland

Over 80% of the 60 million people are Buddhists. 
The most common Myanmar approach is to try for a better future life by feeding and caring for monks (the sangha), donating to temples and performing regular worship at the local paya (Buddhist monument). These activities are known as "merit making". For the average person, everything evolves around the merit one is able to accumulate through such deeds. 


Donations to build the monastery, pagoda
Donations to a village to help them fund a Buddhist celebration
Personal donations - 100 - 200 villages poorest homeless to fund a New Year celebration

Birthday celebrations
Dhana - Poor locals do the deed of dhana, thus acquiring merit. iN THE MORNINGS, ROWS OF MONKS, SOMETIMES NUNS, CARRY BOWLS TO GET OFFERINGS OF RICE AND FOOD. It is not begging. It is a way of letting even poor locals to do the deed of dhana, thus acquiring merit.

Building a paya or monastery or contributing to their upkeep is a major source of merit for Myanmar's Buddhists. 

The poorest villager spend a few thousand kyats on GOLD LEAF which can be pressed on a Buddha statue or FLOWERS to adorn a shrine. All these count towards good merit.

Paya. Basically two kinds of paya: the solid, bell-shaped zedi and he hollow square or rectangular pahto. A zedi or stupa contains relics  (objects taken from Buddha himself - bone, teeth, hair) or holy materials. Often it is a generic term for stupa, temple or shrine. 

Myanmar's monkhood, around 500,000 is collectively known as the sangha. All things possessed by a monk must be offered by the lay community. Possessions include robes, a razor, a cup, a filter (for keeping insects out of drinking water), an umbrella and an alms bowl. 

Water Festival, middle of April, 3-day Thingyan (Water Festiveal) starts the Myanmar New Year. On a spiritual level, Thagyamin, the king of the nat (spirit beings) visits the human world to tally his annual record of good deeds and misdeeds humans have performed. Villagers place flowers and sacred leaves in frontr of their homes to welcome the nat. 

On the  morning of thge 3rd day, Thagyamin departs. This marks the bigging of the new year. Proerly raised young people wash the hair of their elder kin, buddha images are ceremonially washed and hpongyi (monks) are offered appetising alms food. 

On a physical level, douse all passers-by... cities have pandia (temporary stages) along main thoroughfares with water barrels to douse passers by. Throwing buckets of water at anyone who venture into the streets including foreigners.    

3 SEASONS. Cool dry Oct to Feb. Hot dry  Feb - May. Rainy May to Oct.


2 major lakes. Indawgyi Lake in the norther hills  runs 15 miles (24 km) for north to south and 8 miles (13 km) from east to west. One of the largest natural inland lakes of S E Asia.
Inle Lake is smaller 14 miles (22 km ) from north to south and 7 miles (11 km) from east to west, on the Shan Plateau. It is fed by dozens of streams.    

Half of Myanmar is covered with forests of various types.

135 DISTINCT ETHNIC GROUPS make up 8 official "major national ethnic races". Bamar, Shan, Mon, Kayin (Karen), Kayah, Chin, Kachin and Rakhine are the main ethnic groups. BAMAR, also known as Burman, Burmese make up more than two-thirds of the population. They are devout Theravada Buddhists and believe in older animist beliefs in nat (spirits). Monks are highly respected. Media reports daily on the merit-making of top officials at the country's principal Buddhist places of worship, continuing a tradition of patronage started by Burmese monarchs. The Bamar (Burmese) language is the language of instruction in schools, so most non-Bamar speak Burmese as a second language.

Coming of age (shinbyu) is a major event in Bamar/Buddhist culture with parades around villages and towns for boys about to enter the monasteries as novice monks. Both girls and boys have their ears pierced. 

SINGAPORE - 26 SEP 2021: Two  ladies in the Kayah dress. Kayah is one of the 8 official ethnic races. The others are Bamar, Shan, Mon, Karen (Kayin), Chin, Kachin and Rakhine.


Kalaw, - Trekking from Inle Lake to Kalaw. Scenic ut this trek is more of a cultural or agricultural experience than a nature walk. Bulk of trek passes modern Pa-O and Danu settlements, extensive wheat, rice, tea, potato, sesame and chili plantations and Buddhist temples. 

3-day options.  begin at one of the lakeside villages of Inthein etc. 4 hours walking. Day 2 - hilly agricultureal areas. day 3 at Kalaw tall mountains fringed with pine trees and tea plantations. 


farm worker for land owners
earns US$ 4.00 per day

Seasonal jobs - farm worker

seasonal flooding  May to Oct

various crops - rice, wheat, sesamine, ground nuts etc.



Dr Tun Thein Aung and Dr Thin Thin Soe
(Royal Asia Veterinary Surgery) family
Free food (dinner) Donation
Lay  Tor Monastery, Hinthada

Lay Tor monastery Hinthada bag of rice, cooking oil, money distributed

Money is tight in Covid-19 pandemic and new political rule. 
200 needy families receive gift packs of a bag of rice, cooking oil and money 
(1000 kyats) to the needy. queue at the monastery.  video. head monk
distributes the gifts. 
Food is expensive nowadays. Food must have oil. To stint on oil is not a good host.
Guests are only second to monks when
it comes to entertain them with meals. Different meats including lobsters and
expensive fishes are offered in meals with few vegetables as meats are expensive.
Rice and cooking oil are  

16 Apr 2022. (13 - 16 Apr is New year, start of rainy season. Lent).
Videos x 3
1. Offering food to the villages in Hinthada by Drs T T Aung and wife
2. Building a bamboo hut. Dr T T Aung donated a roof to complete the building for the couple.
Seasonal jobs or no jobs.


Dr Soe Organise a session for about  200 residents to dine together during the month of Thingyan

One bag of rice, cooking oil and 1000kyats were also distributed to  100 - 200 most needy homeless villagers. The rice was packed by Dr Soe

A volunteer distributes grocery packs to beneficiaries from lower-income families 

Dr Soe has meals 


Covid-19 swept across the country in 2020, mask mandate left, easing restrictions 

Covid-19 twice - getting both the Delta and Omicron variants. Debilitating and depressing disease 

Cases could again spike by mid-May 

RAVS is a thriving practice under Dr Thein Tun Aung who had worked in veterinary practices in Singapore for over 15 years and is able to communicate well in English. RAVS is considered a top veterinary surgery in Myanmar as Dr Thein performs various types of surgeries not done by the other clinics.