Thursday, August 26, 2021

4012. Photography tips. Tools for success. Post processing. Lightroom 

9 Mar 2021. tesni Ward   @tesniward   @badger_diaries

projects to promote education and conservation through her images.

1. Strongly recommend shoot in RAW format. JPEG is a compressed file format - lose a lot of data.

2. Shoot JPEG+RAW to future-proof your images.

3. Use lightroom and bothoshop for thier unique applications, some more user-friendly than others.
4. For ths tutorial, focus on Lightroom



What is Mezzotint? Or Posterize? The truth is there’s a lot of ‘fluff’ on these programs: tools you’ll never need to use or even know what they do. It’s best to focus your attention on the ones you’ll use frequently which will have a noticeable impact on your images and workflow.

Before you even get to post processing, I strongly recommend you shoot in the raw format. JPEG files are convenient as they can be viewed and/or posted anywhere, plus they won’t take up too much space on your memory card, computer or hard drive, but a JPEG is a compressed file format meaning, as a general rule, you lose a lot of data – and this data is important when it comes to processing.

Even if you’re just starting out and aren’t yet comfortable processing your images, shooting JPEG+RAW will future-proof you so that when you’re more confident with your processing workflow, you can revisit them and, all being well, improve them further.

Over time you’ll develop your own unique approach to processing your images but it’s important to invest some time early on to understand which tools are relevant to you and how they can affect your images. Some photographers will use just one program but personally I have a combined approach with Lightroom and Photoshop as they both have their own unique applications, some more user-friendly than others. For the purpose of this tutorial we will focus on Lightroom.

Lightroom processing step by step

1 Basic Tab – White Balance
If you were slightly off with your white balance when shooting it’s easily fixed here. Use a neutral part of your image like a rock as your reference and move the ‘Temp’ slider so that it looks natural (a rock shouldn’t look orange or blue unless in specific light conditions). Be very subtle if moving the ‘Tint’ slider (+/- 10 at the most).

2 Basic Tab – Exposure
If you need to adjust the overall exposure of your image or focus on highlights and shadows, it’s best applied here. Be aware that if you try to brighten the shadows/blacks too much, you will introduce grain and noise, so be subtle where possible. You can also reduce the blacks to add contrast (-15 at the most).

3 Basic Tab – Vibrance & Saturation
One of the challenges with raw is the file can look flat when initially opened, so the original colour will need to be brought back. Vibrance will increase the saturation of colours in the dull areas only; Saturation will increase it over the entire image. Vibrance is my preference but every image is different so do experiment.

4 HSL/Colour
Sometimes specific colours will look unnatural or overly saturated in an image (e.g. polarising filters can turn foliage neon green in certain conditions) or perhaps we want a certain colour to pop more than others. This is done in the HSL/Colour tab: adjust the Hue and Saturation of your desired colour and don’t worry about luminance!

5 Detail Tab
If you need to apply any sharpening to your image it’s done here. ‘Amount’ will add grain to the image so don’t overdo it, whereas ‘Radius’ will focus more on the edge thickness, so don’t push it too far with finer details like fur. Texture in the Basic tab can also apply a very aesthetically pleasing sharpening to your image.

6 Presets
If you have a selection of images shot under the same conditions and you’ve found the optimum settings through stages 1-5, save this as a preset so you can apply it to the other images, which will significantly speed up your workflow. Do this in Develop>New Preset or click the + next to Presets in the left menu.

Wednesday, August 25, 2021

3623. Dwarf hamster images in shutterstock

 Hamster had a big bite wound on shoulder. Now recovered and eating.

Smart phone image. Insufficient size for Shutterstock

Insufficient size for Shutterstock. Must be more than 4MB

Image for Shutterstock

Tuesday, August 24, 2021

3622. Photo for sale at shutterstock bender bus. Posted on instagram @davidsing1

 24 Aug 2021

Rarely seen on Singapore roads, I had luck photographing this moving bender bus almost entirely between 2 trees. to buy the photo, goto Search "bender bus". 


SINGAPORE - 24 AUG 2021.  @davidsing1

An articulated bus, known as bender bus, painted in the green livery colours of the Land Transport Authority is a very rare sighting on the roads

To buy this photo:  Search “bender bus” at

Sunday, August 22, 2021

3621*****. Be Kind To Wildlife Stories: A juvenile monitor lizard - between.the devil and the deep blue sea

 23 Aug 2021. Be Kind To Wildlife Stores. Between The Devil and the Deep Blue Sea. By Dr Sing Kong Yuen   @davidsing1

Loss of habitat by deforestation and tree and plant cutting by contractors have had decreased the monitor lizard numbers in Yio Chu Kang Crescent Forest. Some people hunt them for food in the past years. This was my first encounter with a juvenile monitor lizard after over 100 visits to this forest during my morning walks in the past 3 years.   

Monday, August 16, 2021

An orange leafhopper seen in Yio Chu Kang Cres forest on 16 Aug 2021.

16 Aug 2021.  8.30am. Bright sunshine. Yio Chu Kang Cres forest. 

Hard to photograph. Really hops from leaf to leaf. Seldom stay still.

 Scientific Name: Bothrogonia addita Bothrogonia is a genus of leafhopper with a large number of species distributed across the Old World. They can be told apart from others in their tribe by the pattern of setae on the hind tibia | Singapore Geographic

Instagram photo

Saturday, August 14, 2021

3619. Nursing homes in Singapore

 ST Aug 5 2021  B3

8 new nursing homes set up in past 5 years.

IMAGE. The number of nursing home beds rose from 13,000 to 16,000 between 2016 and 2020. Senior Minister of State for health, Dr Koh Poh Koon stressed the importance of caring for seniors in the community as far as possible, saying this includes ensuring they have an active social support group. 

Ageing Singapore population. Importance of caring for seniors in the community as far as possible. This includes making sure they have an active social support network that promote emotional and physical well being.  Make sure they have good health to carry on a meaningful life in their golden years. 

Keep them healthy. If they do have care needs, try and localise them within the community... rather than thinking about institutionalising them in nursing homes. 




Kwong Wai Shiu Hospital opens 2nd nursing hme in Potong Pasir in 2 Oct 2022. It is one of the oldest charitable healthcare instituions here. New facility has 438 beds. Total 1,200 in 6 eldercare facilities. Other nursing home in Serangoon Road. 4 care centres offer eldercare services during the day.  


usual services as a senior care centre, the new home supports up to 75 seniors daily through activities like dancing and taiji and soical work such as weekly visits to lonely seniors and running errands for them.

be an active ageing care hub welcoming seniors to drop in for social and recreational activities to keep them engaged in the community. 


Potong Pasir has high number of seniors compared to national average. Many need nursing, daycare and TCM service. 

specialises in dementia care, receive eniors with dementia from public hospitals. 

3618. wildlife town council poisoning

 ST 5 Aug 2021  B3

NParks urging town councils to stop 'toxic' wildlife control steps

The National Parks Board (NParks) is working with town councils to stop the use of poison in animal control measures.  Stop the use of toxins and to adopt animal control measures and practices that are humane and safe

NParks does not use poison in the control of pest birds.   

Many cases where cats, dogs and other animals consume the poisoned animal and subsequently die. 

Action plan for urban wildlife management focusing on co-existence rather than removal of wildlife.

NParks works closely with stakeholders such as nature groups, academics, agencies and community on various initiatives, including developing educational resources and out-reach initiatives to advise community on how to respond to wildlife sighting and working with nature groups on matter like wildlife rescue, rehabilitation and release.

But NParks may need to remove wildlife to safeguard public safety, where needed. Work closely with the community to promote harmonious human-wildlife co-existence to transform Singapore into a City in Nature. 

Public - not feeding wildlife, keeping our residential areas clean and appreciating wildlife from a safe distance.  

Tuesday, August 10, 2021

Trends in investment _Temasek

A19 ST Forum  21 Jul 2021  for Temasek performance

Temasek has confidence in the long-term potential of Asia 

reshaping portfolio towards longer term structural or secular trends like digitalisation, sustainable living, the future of consumption and longer lifespans.

Temasek hs chosen to lean on carbon abatemenr and other goals for planet, people and prosperity.

Monday, August 9, 2021

3616. 56th National Day. SMART PARENTING. WHO pre school guidelines

 Venue. Padang, National Stadium,The Float@Marina Bay, decentralised multiple venues

Highlights of the parades include the state flag fly past, aerial manoeuvres by the RSAF and free fall jumps by the SAF parachute team known as the Red Lions 

SMART PARENTING   ST 9 Aug 2021   C1

2019 WHO 24-hour guidelines for pre schoolers on physical activity, sedentary behaviour ( including screen media use) and sleep. Not more than 1 hour of screen time- Sg 2.15 hours during pandemic. 

WHO physical play 3 hours. Sg 2.25 hours 

WHO  Of 3 hours, 1 hour S b energetic play outdoors 

Only 66% in 2020

WHO sleep time 10 to 13 hours. SG  10.5 hours daily 

Much of society is obesogenic     Behaviour tending towards obesity  sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise Omnipresent screen time, highly sedentary school n home routines and non energetic indoor play 

Pandemic restrictions…more screen time, less physical activity, lots indoor time, greater access to order-in convenience food 

Smart phone and tablets  preschool children now

Compelling neuroscience what parents do or do not do in the first 5 years of life matter

Includes early n frequent parent n in- person engagement which are critical for language acquisition and social and emotional development 

Absence of engagement …behavioural emotional and social problems, and language and learning delays 

Daily behaviour of parents and children as a whole.    eating playing screen time  learning and parent- cold bonding   Not just engaging in screen time