Wednesday, February 27, 2019

3445. A Jack Russell has blood in the urine and dysuria after boarding for 8 weeks

Feb 28, 2019  Thursday

"She still has difficulty passing urine today," the owner was worried. "She only had this problem by passing blood in the urine after being boarded at this Platinum Dogs Club! Have you heard of this boarding kennel?"

"Yes, I read about the Club in the newspapers," I replied.

I examined the dog. "Good news, the bladder is eimpty and no bladder stone is palpated."Slight left kidney pain on palpation.

1.  Blood test - normal. Generally healthy
2.  X-rays - no urinary stone. The dog was fed lamb bones, hence the bone fragments in the intestines.

3.  Urine test showed Urinary Tract Infection

pH 8.0 (5-8)  alkaline urine
SG 1.035 (1.005-1.030)
Blood 4+, Protein 3+, Ketone +, White blood cells more than 900/uL, Red blood cells 324/uL,
Epithelial cells 5/uL, Bacteria 2+. Triple phosphate +.

Feb 25, 2019
Dr Daniel prescribed antibiotics and Acidurin 2 tab twice a day for 10 days.

Feb 28, 2019
Follow up today. Complaint that the dog is still having some difficulty in urination.


The dog was fed home-cooked food including lamb in the past years. During her boarding at 2 kennels including Platinum Dogs Club, the owner does not know what diet was fed. The owner said that dysuria occurred some days after boarding.

Over the last year, the dog had been scootering (rubbing her backside on the floor) despite clearance of the anal sac oil. I could not express any anal sac oil during consultation.

I advised Hills' Prescription Diet Canine C/D for 6 months to acidify the urine and dissolve the triple phosphate crystals in the urine.  A urine test 6 months later to be done.

Update: Mar 3, 2019. No complaints of blood in the urine (haemturia) or difficulty in urination (dysuria)


An X-ray of another dog with dysuria - a bladder stone

Monday, February 25, 2019

3444. ADVICES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE. Male red-breasted parakeet, pink-necked green pigeon, sparrow seen on Feb 25, 2019

Feb 25, 2019  Mon    8.10am


Order Psittaciformes (Parrots)

There are 362 extant species of parrots1. Many parrots are kept as pets, but being highly versatile birds, many establish themselves in foreign lands when they had a chance to escape from the cage. Most are beautifully-coloured and vocal, and hence the reason for their pet trade. Some can mimic human words - the African grey parrot being the most famous.

There are 8 species in Singapore - 3 native, 5 introduced. More may be added to the checklist as there are some other escapees which seem to be doing well, like the Coconut Lorikeet that was added in 2006. The lengths given include the tail.


26 May 2021 and 14 Jun 2022 (report today)


    1.1 Acquire digital imaging skills through daily photography. You will find such skills very useful in your career and daily life. I started around 20 years ago for my professional veterinary case studies and record the images in my website, when the world wide web or internet started. The webpages started as grey and white, but now, you get colours.

1.2. Handphones are good but DSLR cameras give much sharper close-ups and zooms.

1.3. Earn a PASSIVE income from photography. I started posting my best images at in Sep 2019. As at 14 Jun 2022, I have sold 1,064 downloaded images and 5 videos, earning US$326.15. If you are calculating, this amount is not worth the time spent as I have earned US$0.30/download! But I don't have to worry about maintenance, marketing and getting payments. My buyers are global. This is passive income which depends on the quality and type of images buyers want. My wildlife photos do not sell as there are much better ones from competitors and I am a beginner in wildlife photography.

1.4. Document your best photos in a blog for later references and to monitor your experiences. Two examples are shown in my blog.

2. PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS. Use the ‘P’ Mode as a beginner.
For the birds shown in this blog, I use the Canon DSLR EOS 90D, 18-200 mm lens

P Mode, AF, single point focus, continuous mode.

Hand-held, bright 9-11 AM sunshine helps get good pictures. Focus on the bird’s eye.


Large images for sale at Shutterstock




Singapore Wildlife – Two or three Ring-necked parakeets flew by the Lentor Loop area. They ate pomegranates outside the two houses.


Singapore Wildlife – One Ring-necked parakeet at Lentor Street's substation roof.

seen in Lentor Loop   2019  May 22
For Shutterstock

Lightroom used in 14 Jun 2022 to produce better image

13 Jun 2022. Looks like the ring-necked parakeet seen in Lentor St.
He flew up the eaves for severallseconds as if posing for me. I put my camera
onto the roof of the car to stabilise my focus on the eye. Not possible
to get sharp pictures just hand holding the camera in this case. Too far. 

  1. The ring-necked parakeet is also known by the alternative name of rose-ringed parakeet.
  2. Only the male sports the distinctive black neck ring with rose-pink collar.
  3. The ring-neck is the most widely distributed of all the parrots, as it is found naturally on two continents: Africa and Asia.
  4. In Africa it occurs across a broad area south of the Sahara, stretching from Senegambia in the west to Somalia in the east. In Asia it can be found from western Pakistan to Burma.
  5. Today this parrot has established itself widely throughout Europe, occurring in many large towns and cities from Lisbon to London.
  6. Feral populations can also be found in South Africa, Mauritius, Singapore, Macao and Hong Kong.
  7. No one knows for certain how it became established in Britain. One of the more fanciful stories is that birds were released from Isleworth Studios, Middlesex, after the filming of The African Queen in 1951.
  8. What is most likely is that the birds became established following either accidental or deliberate escapes from captivity.
  9. The first confirmed breed in Britain was in Kent in 1971. Since then they have increased and spread rapidly, though the centre of population remains Greater London.
  10. In recent years Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield and Birmingham have all been colonised.
  11. Curiously, these birds prefer urban habitats in the UK, in areas with human habitation. So far they have shown no signs of colonising the wider countryside.
  12. Though sedentary during the breeding season, there is a tendency for birds to disperse more widely during the winter.
  13. Their success is a reflection of the birds’ adaptability. Though mainly fruit eaters, they have been quick to come to bird feeders, where peanuts are their favourite food.
  14. They have the potential to be a major pest on farmland; in both Africa and Asia they are known to inflict considerable damage on fruit crops and maize.
  15. Suspicions that they would be unable to cope with prolonged periods of cold weather have proved unfounded, for they have proved to be remarkably tough.
  16. The preferred nesting site is a hole in a tree, though they have been know to nest in buildings and even rock cavities.
  17. Competition for suitable next sites may well limit their population expansion.
  18. A concern of conservationists is that the parakeets out-compete native birds, such as nuthatches, woodpeckers and starlings, for nest sites.
  19. A typical clutch is three to four eggs, but up to six have been recorded.
  20. Incubation is by the female only, and takes 22 days. The chicks fledge seven weeks after hatching.
  21. These birds are now officially regarded as pests in the UK, and can be shot or destroyed legally by landowners or authorised people.


A sparrow appeared twice, hopping on branches in this tree at Singapore General Hospital at 4pm while I waited for a person having eye stitch removal at Plastic Surgery Dept. He hopped at various levels, went to the ground to walk and flew away. A few minutes later, came back, did the same perching up and down the branches for me to take photos.