Saturday, March 26, 2011

373. Continuing education - Veterinary Anaesthesia - sharing tips

The following tips from fellow vets were given to me at the Veterinary anaesthesia continuing education of Mar 26, 2011 by Dr Kieren Maddern, European Specialist in Veterinary Anaesthesia:


1. INJECTABLE ANAESTHESIA from a practice in Malacca.
According to the vet who runs a practice in Malacca, the UPM professors had been using the following formula safely and effectively for the past 15 years. He had been using it for the past 10 years.

1.1
Zoletil 100 (don't use the diluent provided).
Add in the bottle 8 ml of ketamine
Add in the bottle 2 ml of xylazine
Dose: 0.04ml/kg IM. 0.03ml/kg very slow IV.
Use isoflurane gas if needed or top up 1/2 to 1/3 dose IM when the dog wakes up.

1.2
Zoletil 50 (don't use the diluent provided).
Add in the bottle 4 ml of ketamine
Add in the bottle 1 ml of xylazine
Dose: 0.04ml/kg IM. 0.03ml/kg very slow IV.
Use isoflurane gas if needed or top up 1/2 to 1/3 dose IM when the dog wakes up.

1.3 For CATS
Be careful. Use the IV dosage for IM injection. That is 0.093 ml/kg for IM.
Top up if necessary.

Zoletil is an expensive drug and therefore the above combinations is less expensive and effective and safer.


2. Lecturer's tips
Ketamine & ACP - excellent for cats. Ketamine alone makes the cat's body
rigid. Seldom use atropine (makes throat dry).

3. A Singapore's vet's tips
Xyalzine + Atropine + Ketamine. Then use isoflurane gas.

Each vet has is own method. If he uses new drugs e.g. N2O, the dog may die.

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